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专家解题:2013年职称英语考试卫生类C级概括大意

2015-04-07 10:05 [概况大意] 来源于:未知
导读:考题类型:概括大意与完成句子 Music Used As a Healing Therapy 1 Music has long been used to treat patients suffering from different problems. In 400 BC, its healing properties were documented by the ancient Greeks. More recentl
考题类型:概括大意与完成句子
  Music Used As a Healing Therapy
  1    Music has long been used to treat patients suffering from different problems. In 400 BC, its healing properties were documented by the ancient Greeks. More recently, in both world wars in the last century medical workers used music therapy(疗法) with people suffering from trauma(外伤). Currently, it is used as a treatment for many diseases, such as cancer, and it has also been used with patients with long-term pain and learning disabilities.
  2    There is growing evidence that music can cause physical changes to the body which can improve our health. In the Welcome Trust study, which took place over three years at the Chelsea and Westminster hospital in London, patients were asked to listen to musical performances. As a result, it was found that stress levels were significantly reduced, recovery times were improved, and fewer drugs were needed.
  3    These very positive results are partly due to general well-being (良好的健康状况). It is already accepted that when people feel happy and have a positive approach to life, they are more likely to feel better and recover from disease quickly. Music increases this feeling of joy and adds to the recovery process.
  4    However, not all these benefits can be attributed to an increase in general well-being. Music has other effects which have not yet been understood. According to Professor Robertson, a scientist and musician, some effects of music are mysterious and are, therefore, being investigated further. It has been suggested that the sounds and rhythms of music help stimulate the brain and send electrical messages to the muscles.
  5    Science, however, demands facts and hard evidence. Many in the medical profession have not yet recognized the healing benefits of music, since reports have been based mainly on various stories of evidence. These new studies could provide proof to doctors that music is a suitable treatment tor many conditions. One day doctors may even "prescribe"(开处方)  music,  but that could  be  a long time in the future.
  23. Paragraph 1______
  A. Increase in general well-being
  B. Positive physical changes caused by music
  C. Potential dangers of music therapy
  D. History of music therapy
  E. Other mysterious effects of music
  F. Music and your body
  专家解题:
  第一步:首先划出A-F选项的信息词, A项Increase增长,general well-being总体的健康状况;B项,Positive physical changes积极的身体改变,caused导致;C项Potential dangers潜在威胁;D项History历史;E项Other mysterious effects其他神秘的影响;F项Music and your body音乐和身体。
  第二步:找出段落的中心句。本段的中心句为第一句,即:Music has long been used to treat patients suffering from different problems.说的是:长久以来(long)Music被使用来(been used)治疗患者(treat patients)……。紧接着说到了400BC(公元前400年),more recently(最近),currently(现在),可见这里讲的是用音乐治疗患者的历史过程,六个选项中,选项D出现了表示历史的history,说的是音乐治疗法的历史,故本题的答案为选项D。
  24. Paragraph 2______
  A. Increase in general well-being
  B. Positive physical changes caused by music
  C. Potential dangers of music therapy
  D. History of music therapy
  E. Other mysterious effects of music
  F. Music and your body
  专家解题:
  第一步:找出段落的中心句。本段的中心句在第一句,即:There is growing evidence that music can cause physical changes to the body which can improve our health.说的是:music能导致(cause)physical changes,从而促进(improve)our health(我们的健康)。选项中,B选项说的是由音乐导致(caused)的积极的(positive)physical changes,既然能促进健康,肯定是积极的,所以本题的答案为选项B 。
  25. Paragraph 3______
  A. Increase in general well-being
  B. Positive physical changes caused by music
  C. Potential dangers of music therapy
  D. History of music therapy
  E. Other mysterious effects of music
  F. Music and your body
  专家解题:
  第一步:找出段落的中心句。本段的中心句在第一句,即:These very positive results are partly due to general well-being。六个选项中只有选项A出现了中心句关键词general well-being,所以本题的答案为选项A 。
  26. Paragraph 4______
  A. Increase in general well-being
  B. Positive physical changes caused by music
  C. Potential dangers of music therapy
  D. History of music therapy
  E. Other mysterious effects of music
  F. Music and your body
  专家解题:
  第一步:找出段落的中心句。本段的中心句在第二句,即:Music has other effects which have not yet been understood。说的是:music有(has)other effects(其他影响)……。选项中,E选项讲到了music的其他神秘影响(Other mysterious effects),并且中心句后,紧跟着也出现了mysterious这个单词,可见本题的答案为选项E 。

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