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2015年职称英语理工类C级模拟试卷二_第2页

2015-01-17 14:19 [模拟试题] 来源于:未知
导读:第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分) 下面的短文列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

  下面的短文列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  Lakes, Too, Feel Global Warming

  There's no doubt: In the last few decades, the average temperature on Earth has been higher than it has been in hundreds of years. Around the world, people are starting to measure the effects of global warming-and trying to figure out what to do about it.

  Scientist recently used satellites to study the temperatures of lakes around the world and they found that lakes are heating up. Between 1985 and 2009, satellites recorded the nighttime temperatures of the surfaces of 167 lakes. During those 24 years, the lakes got warmer-by an average of about 0.045 degree Celsius per year.

  In some places, lakes have been warming by as much as 0.10 degree Celsius per year. At that rate, a lake may warm by a full degree Celsius in just 10 years. That difference may seem small-you might not even notice it in your bath. But in a lake, slightly warmer temperatures could mean more algae(水藻), and algae can make the lake poisonous(有毒的)to fish.

  The study shows that in some regions, lakes are warming faster than the air around them. This is important because scientists often use measurements of air temperature to study how Earth is warming. By using lake temperatures as well, scientists can get a better picture of global warming. The scientists say data on lakes give scientists a new way to measure the impact of climate change around the world.

  That's going to be useful, since no country is too big or too small to ignore climate changes. Scientists aren't the only ones concerned. Everyone who lives on Earth is going to be affected by the rapid warming of the planet. Many world leaders believe we might be able to do something about it, especially by reducing the amount of greenhouse(温室)gases we put into the air.

  That's why the United Nations started the Framework Convention on Climate Change, or UNFCCC. Every year the convention meets, and representatives from countries around the world gather to talk about climate change and discuss global solutions to the challenges of a warming world.

  16. Scientists have been keeping records of lake temperatures for over 30 years.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  17. The temperatures of lakes around the world have increased greatly between 1985 and 2009.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  18. Lakes seem to be warming faster in Asia.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  19. A slight temperature increase in a lake could be harmful for fish.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  20. Scientists generally focus on air temperatures when studying global warming.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  21. Global warming is less threatening to small countries.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  22. UNFCCC's annual meeting will be held in Mexico this year.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1~4段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  Hurricane

  1 A hurricane (飓风) is a tropical storm with winds that have reached a constant speed of 74 miles per hour. Hurricane winds blow in a large spiral(螺旋) around a relative calm center know as the "eye". The "eye" is generally 20 to 30 miles wide, and the storm may extend outward 400 miles. As a hurricane nears land, it can bring heavy rains, high winds, and storms (风暴潮). The storm surges and heavy rains can lead to flooding.

  2 Hurricanes are given a different label, depending on where they occur. If they begin over the North Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, or the Northeast Pacific Ocean, they are called hurricanes. Similar storms that occur in the Northwest Pacific Ocean west of the International Date Line are called typhoon. Near Australia and in the India Ocean, they are referred to as tropical cyclones (龙卷风).

  3 When a hurricane hits land, it can do great damage through its fierce winds, heavy rains, inland (内陆的) flooding, and huge waves crashing on to the shore. During a hurricane, homes, businesses, and public buildings may be damaged or destroyed; road and bridges can be washed away. A powerful hurricane can kill more people and destroy more property than any other natural disaster. Fishermen are at special risk from hurricanes as they may be at sea when a hurricane arrives and not be able to get to a safe harbour if they do not receive adequate warning.

  4 If a hurricane is coming in your area, the most important thing is to stay calm and find shelter immediately. Go to your safe room. If you do not have one, stay indoors during the hurricane and go to a safer place near the center of your home. Cover yourself with a blanket and be sure to keep away from windows and glass doors, because if the glass breaks it's really dangerous. Do not be fooled if there is a lull (暂停); it could be the eye of the storm-winds will pick up again.

  23. Paragraph 1 _____________

  24. Paragraph 2_____________

  25. Paragraph 3_____________

  26. Paragraph 4_____________

  A. What should you do during a hurricane?

  B. What are different names of hurricanes?

  C. What is a hurricane?

  D. What damages can a hurricane cause?

  E. How do you know a hurricane is coming.

  F. Where do hurricanes usually happen?

  27. Depending on where the occur, hurricanes have_____________.

  28. A powerful hurricane may become the most destructive_____________.

  29. When a hurricane arrives, fishermen are in great danger if they are at sea and do not get_____________.

  30. During a hurricane one should stay away from_____________.

  A. inland flooding

  B. natural disaster

  C. early warning

  D. windows and glass doors

  E. a constant speed

  F. different labels

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