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2015年职称英语理工类C级模拟试卷二_第4页

2015-01-17 14:20 [模拟试题] 来源于:未知
导读:第二篇 The book of life So far, scientists have named about 1.8 million living species(物种), and thats a just a small part of what probably exists on Earth. With so many plants, animals, and other creatures coveting the planet, it can
第二篇

  The book of life

  So far, scientists have named about 1.8 million living species(物种), and that's a just a small part of what probably exists on Earth. With so many plants, animals, and other creatures coveting the planet, it can be tough to figure out what type of spider is moving up your leg or what kind of bird is flying by.

  A soon-to-be-started Web site might help. An international team of researchers has announced the creation of Web-based Encyclopedia(百科全书)of life(EOL). The project aims to catalog every species on Earth in a single, easy-to-use reference guide.

  To get the encyclopedia started, the creators will use information from scientific databases(数据库)that already exist. And eventually, in special sections of the site, nonscientist with specialized(专门的)knowledge will get to join in. Bird-watchers, for example, will be able to input which birds they've seen and where. The technology for this kind of tool has only become available.

  As the EOL develops, you might find it useful for school projects. The site will feature special pages for kids who are studying ecosystems (生态系统) in their neighborhoods. To make sure the encyclopedia is accurate, scientists will review much of the information added to it. People who visit the site will be able to choose to leave out pages that haven't been reviewed.

  Another convenient feature of the EOL is that you'll be able to pick the level of detail you want to see to match your interest, age, and knowledge. If you wanted to learn about bears for a science class report, for example, you could use the "novice" setting to get basic information about the animals. On the "expert" setting, on the other hand, you could get much more detailed information about the history, literature, and exploration of bears.

  It now takes years for scientists to collect all the data they need to describe and analyze species. The creators of the Encyclopedia of Life hope that their new tool will speed up that process.

  36. "Spider" and "bird" mentioned in Paragraph 1 are examples to illustrate

  A. there are numerous living species on Earth.

  B. animals are people's friends.

  C. it is easy to see spiders and birds.

  D. there are many types of spiders and birds.

  37. The goal of the creation of the EOL is to

  A. collect enough data to analyze the living species on Earth.

  B. enlarge an existing Web site of the living species on Earth.

  C. add new information to the existing databases of the living species on Earth.

  D. work out an easy-to-use catalog of every living species on Earth.

  38. At the starting stage, the EOL will get information from

  A. all the Web sites available.

  B. databases built up by its creators.

  C. the existing scientific databases.

  D. nonscientists with specialized knowledge.

  39. The word "novice" in Paragraph 5 could be best replaced by

  A. scientist.

  B. creator.

  C. beginner

  D. expert.

  40. Which of the following statement is NOT true?

  A. Scientist will review every piece of information added to EOL

  B. The EOL will be beneficial to school kids with its development.

  C. Scientists have cataloged only a small part of the living species on Earth.

  D. People with different interests and knowledge will in a way find the EOL useful.

  第三篇

  How To Be A Successful Businessman

  Have you ever wondered why some people are successful in business and others are not? Here's a story about one successful businessperson. He started out washing dishes and today he owns 168 restaurants.

  Zubair Kazi was born in Bhatkal, a small town in southwest India. His dream was to be an airplane pilot, and when he was 16 years old, he learned to fly a small plane.

  At the age of 23 and with just a little money in his pocket, Mr. Kazi moved to the United States. He hoped to get a job in the airplane industry in California. Instead, he ended up working for a company that rented cars.

  While Mr. Kazi was working at the car rental (租赁的) company, he frequently ate at a nearby KFC restaurant. To save money on food, he decided to get a job with KFC. For two months, he worked as cook's assistant. His job was to clean the kitchen and help the cook. "I didn't like it," Mr. Kazi says, "but I always did the best I could."

  One day, Mr. Kazi's two co-workers failed to come to work. That day, Mr. Kazi did the work of all three people in the kitchen. This really impressed the owners of the restaurant. A few months later, the owners needed a manager for a new restaurant. They gave the job to Mr. Kazi. He worked hard as the manager and soon the restaurant was making a profit.

  A few years later, Mr. Kazi heard about a restaurant that was losing money. The restaurant was dirty inside and food was terrible. Mr. Kazi borrowed money from a bank and bought the restaurant. For the first six months, Mr. Kazi worked in the restaurant from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m., seven days a week. He and his wife cleaned up the restaurant, remodeled the front of the building, and improved the cooking. They also tried hard to please the customers. If someone had to wait more than ten minutes for their food, Mrs. Kazi gave them a free soda. Before long the restaurant was making a profit.

  A year later, Mr. Kazi sold his restaurant for a profit. With the money he earned, he bought three more restaurants that were losing money. Again, he cleaned them up, improved the food, and retrained the employees. Before long these restaurants were making a profit , too.

  Today Mr. Kazi owns 168 restaurants, but he isn't planning to stop there. He's looking for more poorly managed restaurants to buy. "I love it when I go to buy a restaurant and find it's a mess," Mr. Kazi says. "The only way it can go is up."

  41. When Mr.Kazi was young, his dreams was to

  A. sell cars

  B. own a restaurant

  C. be an airplane pilot

  D. because a good cook

  42. Mr.Kazi decided to word with KFC to

  A. learn how to cook

  B. save money for a car

  C. save money on food

  D. learn how to run a restaurant

  43. Mr.Kazi became the manager of a new restaurant because

  A. his co-workers praised him

  B. he was a good cook

  C. he knew how to run a restaurant

  D. he worked very hard

  44. To save a failing restaurant, Mr.Kazi did all the following things, EXCEPT to

  A. advertize for it

  B. clean it up

  C. improve the food

  D. retrain the employees

  45. In the last paragraph, "it's a mess "means

  A. it's small

  B. it's dirty

  C. it's profitable

  D. it's cheap

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